NIV Initiation Protocol

NIV initiation protocol for Chronic Respiratory Insufficiency or Failure


These are recommendations for NIV settings, but existing protocols within your facility should always take precedence.

  1. Back-up rate is only available in ST and PAC modes.
  2. The Troubleshooting Guide is available on the other side of this document.
  3. Please ask your local ResMed representative for the Ti Chart, a useful reference tool for Ti adjustments.

NIV: Noninvasive ventilation; S: Spontaneous; ST: Spontaneous–Timed; PAC: Pressure Assisted Control; IPAP: Inspiratory positive airway pressure; EPAP: Expiratory positive airway pressure; PEEP:

Positive end expiratory pressure; PS: Pressure support; WOB: Work of breathing; OSA: Obstructive sleep apnea; RR: Respiratory Rate; bpm: breaths per minute; Vt: Tidal volume; Lpm: Litres per minute.